The Blue Hero

Have you ever faced a very hot day and wondered how the weather is getting hotter every year, all that caused by climate change.
Every day co2 and other greenhouse gasses being introduced to the atmosphere by human activities and that is the main reason for climate change, This graph shows the amount of co2 emission from 1900-2011.

Source: Boden, T.A., Marland, G., and Andres R.J. (2015). Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2Emissions. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, doi 10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2015.

The Blue carbon our hero in this article we will get to know it and its role to face the climate change.
Blue carbon is referred to the carbon stored by the marine ecosystem like sea grass mangroves and salt marshes, these ecosystems store and keep carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses in the plant itself and sediment below, the amount of carbon dioxide stored in these ecosystems 10 times more by terrestrial ecosystem and this graph shows the amount of co2 can be trapped by These ecosystems.

Mean long-term rates of C sequestration (g C m−2 yr−1) in soils in terrestrial forests and sediments in vegetated coastal ecosystems. Error bars indicate maximum rates of accumulation. Note the logarithmic scale of the y-axis. (Source: Mcleod et al. 2011. A blueprint for blue carbon: toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering C02. Frontiers in Ecology 9(10): 552-560, DOI.)

the befits not only climate mitigation these habitats work as a water filter by trapping sediment and other unwanted materials and provide a healthy food supply for the surrounding wildlife terrestrial or marine communities, That helps the human by supplying him with sustainable foods supply and offers plenty of jobs in fishing or tourism.
 

The number of mangroves and salt marshes and seagrass decrease eyry year y human activities.
Coastal development (physical damage by building dams removal, and changes in hydrology and salinity regimes)
Declining water quality (increased levels in sediments, nutrients and pesticides)
Shipping and oil spills (increased levels of petrochemicals) Aquaculture (increased siltation, erosion and nutrients)
Disturbance events (severe weather events and invasion of pest

So keeping our environment safe and clean is not a luxury anymore cause it affects us directly. If it will fall we fall with it.

 

References:

1.Adam, P. 2000, 'Saltmarsh', in State of the Marine Environment Report for Australia: Technical Annex 1 - The Marine Environment, eds L.P. Zann and P. Kailola, Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, Ocean Rescue 2000 Program, Canberra, http://www.deh/gov.au/coasts/publications/somer/annex1/saltmarsh.html

2.Adam, P. 2002, 'Saltmarshes in a time of change', Environmental Conservation 29 (1): 39-61. 3.Alongi, D. 1994, 'The role of bacteria in nutrient recycling in tropical mangrove and other coastal benthic ecosystems', Hydrobiologia 285: 19-32. 4.Alongi, D. 1998, Coastal Ecosystem Processes, CRC Press LLC, p419. 5.Alongi, D.M. and McKinnon, A.D. 2005, 'The cycling and fate of terrestrially-derived sediments and nutrients in the coastal zone of the Great Barrier Reef shelf', in Marine Pollution Bulletin, Catchment to Reef: Water Quality Issues in the Great Barrier Reef Region, eds P.A. Hutchings and D. Haynes, 51, 239-252pp. 6.Armour, J.,

3.Alongi, D. 1994, 'The role of bacteria in nutrient recycling in tropical mangrove and other coastal benthic ecosystems', Hydrobiologia 285: 19-32. 4.Alongi, D. 1998, Coastal Ecosystem Processes, CRC Press LLC, p419. 5.Alongi, D.M. and McKinnon, A.D. 2005, 'The cycling and fate of terrestrially-derived sediments and nutrients in the coastal zone of the Great Barrier Reef shelf', in Marine Pollution Bulletin, Catchment to Reef: Water Quality Issues in the Great Barrier Reef Region, eds P.A. Hutchings and D. Haynes, 51, 239-252pp. 6.Armour, J.,

4.Alongi, D. 1998, Coastal Ecosystem Processes, CRC Press LLC, p419. 5.Alongi, D.M. and McKinnon, A.D. 2005, 'The cycling and fate of terrestrially-derived sediments and nutrients in the coastal zone of the Great Barrier Reef shelf', in Marine Pollution Bulletin, Catchment to Reef: Water Quality Issues in the Great Barrier Reef Region, eds P.A. Hutchings and D. Haynes, 51, 239-252pp. 6.Armour, J.,

5.Alongi, D.M. and McKinnon, A.D. 2005, 'The cycling and fate of terrestrially-derived sediments and nutrients in the coastal zone of the Great Barrier Reef shelf', in Marine Pollution Bulletin, Catchment to Reef: Water Quality Issues in the Great Barrier Reef Region, eds P.A. Hutchings and D. Haynes, 51, 239-252pp.

6.Armour, J., Cogle, L., Rasiah, V. and Russell, J. 2004, 'Sustaining the Wet Tropics: A Regional Plan for Natural Resource Management', in Volume 2B Condition Report: Sustainable Use, Rainforest CRC and FNQ NRM Ltd, Cairns. 7.Arnold, D.P. 1995, 'Changes to mangrove ecosystem distribution: Port Curtis 1941 to 1989', in Mangroves - A resource under threat?: An issue of the central Queensland coast, Gladstone Campus, Central Queensland University

7.Arnold, D.P. 1995, 'Changes to mangrove ecosystem distribution: Port Curtis 1941 to 1989', in Mangroves - A resource under threat?: An issue of the central Queensland coast, Gladstone Campus, Central Queensland University

About The Author
Freelancer Science writer and reporter
am a Marine Science conservation student at his final year, I am interested in conservation science and green technology and energy, I am one of the CEO of Lampa and NGO meant by environmental awareness for children. I entered the science writing career a year ago since I used to design the academic material for the children, I started with writing at some of the student chapters in my university and now an intern with promediaz in (NY) as a content editor. I am looking for an opportunity in science reporting career, opportunity to fill my passion in science writing and designing the scientific content also work closely with the environment and watch fascinating wildlife